Excavations at Bailey Ruin (AZ P:11:1 ASM)

The Silver Creek Archaeological Research Project (SCARP) was established in 1993 to conduct research on Ancestral Pueblo community formation and to provide educational opportunities through the University of Arizona Archaeological Field School and public outreach programs. We work cooperatively with the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests and with several nearby American Indian tribes and tribal historic preservation programs.

Study AreaSilver Creek lies in the Mogollon Rim region of east-central Arizona, a transitional zone at the southern edge of the Colorado Plateau. Archaeological evidence indicates use of the project area as early as the Archaic period (ca. 8000-100 BC), but the most intensive occupation was during the Pueblo period (AD 1000-1400). In addition, places in the area have significance to the White Mountain Apache, Zuni, Hopi, and Navajo tribes.

The overarching research question addressed by SCARP has been to understand changes in community organization between AD 1000 and 1400. During this period, population influx and increasing settlement size are evidence of a dynamic social landscape. Excavations have been conducted at six Ancestral Pueblo sites over seven seasons of fieldwork to address the causes and consequences of human migration and spatial aggregation in the area. Occupied between the late 11th and early 14th centuries, these seven sites provide an excellent sequence to address migration and the resulting economic, social, ritual, and political reorganization that occurred in the area.

SCARP Chronology


Acknowledgments: SCARP field and laboratory work has been supported by:
  • Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests
  • Arizona State Museum
  • College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, U of Arizona
  • Department of Anthropology, U of Arizona
  • National Geographic Society
  • National Science Foundation
  • U.S. Forest Service Service Passports in Time
  • Wenner-Gren Foundation

© 2002. Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona.
Comments to: Barbara Mills
Department of Anthropology
The University of Arizona
Emil W. Haury Building
P.O. Box 210030
Tucson, Arizona 85721-0030